Commonly, students are overwhelmed when they start reviewing the quantitative section of the SAT. After talking to a couple of students in my class, I realized that lack of knowledge of what to expect creates uncertainty which provokes fear and uneasiness among them.
Here are the various mathematics concepts that students need to know:
Numbers and Operations:
 Properties of Integers
 Number line
 Arithmetic Word Problems (including percent, ratio, and proportion)
 Fractions
 Decimals
 Real Numbers
 Sequences and Series (including exponential growth)
 Ratio and Proportions
 Percent
 Powers and Roots of Numbers
 Sets (union, intersection, elements)
 Counting Methods

Algebra and Functions:
 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions; Factoring; Exponents
 Absolute Values
 Equations
 Solving Linear Equations with One Unknown
 Solving Two Linear Equations with Two Unknowns
 Solving Equations by Factoring
 Solving Quadratic Equations
 Exponents
 Inequalities
 Absolute Value
 Direct and Inverse Variation
 Newly Defined Symbols Based on Commonly Used Operations
 Functions

Geometry and Measurement:
 Lines
 Intersection Lines and Angles
 Perpendicular Lines
 Parallel Lines and Traversal
 Polygons
 Triangles
 Quadrilaterals
 Areas and Perimeters
 Circles
 Rectangular Solids and Cylinders
 Coordinate Geometry
 Transformations

Data Analysis, Statistics and Probability:
 Data Interpretation (tables and graphs)
 Scatter Plots
 Basic Statistics (mean, median, and mode)
 Elementary Probability
 Geometric Probability

It’s important to note that the SAT mathematics section emphasizes “mathematical reasoning” and “how well students can think through math concepts.” Knowing the above concepts, though, can really improve your score. By taking the time to grasp the content in the Numbers and Algebra sections, you can immediately improve your score since this content is usually heavily represented in the first two mathematics sections. Knowing the math content will help clear the uncertainty and kickstart your preparation.
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